03/01/2018

Turkey has witnessed the most bloody coup attempt of the Republic period on 15 July 2016. FETO or The Terrorist Organization of Fethullah Gülen played active role in this failed coup attempt. The Police Headquarter, Special Operation Department of Police, Presidential Complex, Head of National Intelligence Agency, Grand National Assembly of Turkey and lots of other important centers were hit by this terrorist organization. Nearly 250 innocent people died and more than 2190 people has injured. Although Turkey has witnessed 1960, 1971, 1980 and 1997 post-modern coup in its history, it was the first time that the putschist soldiers killed the innocent civil people and bombed the Assembly while they were attempting the coup. When we analyzed this terrorist organization, we can easily realize that there is no relation between…

03/01/2018

After the World War I, the map of the World was drawn by the winner countries. While they were determining the boundaries, they appointed their puppet leaders to the newly established artificial states. Besides, they draw the boundaries in accordance with social conflict to create new social unrest in this geography. They started to exploit Muslims by using their puppet leaders and whenever their puppet began to act independently from their policy, they changed the old puppet with the new one. The winner countries of both WWI and WW II, not only exploited the Muslim and less-developed countries, but also they tried to deteriorate their culture, religious and social values in these territories. Unfortunately, they succeeded their goals at a certain level in their efforts. For example, the interest is…

03/01/2018

Since the beginning of the global economic crises, the stress of the world has been increasing steadily. Therefore, energy accumulation of the fault lines at the world political life may create new earthquakes in the world political system. The global economic crises started with the mortgage crises in USA and then spread to EU and other part of the world. Millions of people lost their job as a result of global economic crisis in the world. Today, because of the globalization and internalization of the production process, any economic development, positive or negaitve, can easily affect the other economies.   Although economic crisis increased its effect, the developed countries rejected to make structural reform to overcome the reasons of the crisis. Instead, they only increased the emission of Dollars and…

03/01/2018

While previously the concept of sustainable development only consists of the economic development in monetary term, today its meaning is elaborated very largely. It includes food security, new and renewable energy, harmony with nature, promotion of human rights, friendly technological development etc. Therefore, today, the sustainable development can be defined as to meet the needs of the current and future generations without exhausting natural resources by establishing a balance between nature and human beings. This definition consist of the programming the development of today and future life of the generations and nature. Hence, sustainable development is a concept that has social, economic, ecological and cultural dimension in contemporary world.   Since the beginning of the 20th century, the energy consumption, CO2 and harmful emission increased 17 times in the world. The greenhouse…

03/01/2018

Energy is one of the fundamental inputs of the economic and social development of the societies. Its consumption has been increasing parallel with the population and economic growth. Since the establishment of the Republic, population, GDP and energy consumption of Turkey have been growing steadily. In table 1 energy, population and economic situation of Turkey between 1973-2013 were summarized.    Table 1: Population, Economy and Energy Situation of Turkey Between 1973-2013   Population  (*1000) GDP Billion $ (1990 Prices) GDP Per Capita $ Energy Demand (MTEP) Electricity Consumption (TWh) Energy Demand Per Capita Electricity Demand Per Capita (kWh/Person 1973 38.072 76 1,994 24.6 12.4 646 326 1990 56.098 150 2,674 53.7 56.8 957 1,013 1995 62.171 178 2,861 64.6 85.6 1,039 1,376 2000 67.804 214 3,158 82.6 128.3 1,218 1,892…